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Pharmacology & Toxicology

Academic Staff



· Overview

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology is one of the important branches of the school of pharmacy, it is responsible of teaching nine courses including Anatomy I & II, Physiology I & II, Pathology, Pathophysiology, Pharmacology I, II & III, Toxicology and Clinical Toxicology.


· MISSION

The mission of the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology is to:
Perform outstanding research to advance the understanding of the interactions of chemicals and drugs with living systems and to assist in the development of new therapeutics and strategies to treat disease.
Train future pharmacists and scientists in the disciplines of pharmacology and toxicology to support the economic development of the country.

· The department strives to maintain excellence in the areas of research, teaching and service to the Faculty, University, and Community. The department extends its cooperation to all other departments of the Faculty as well as other collaborative studies with other institutions.



· VISION

The vision of the department of pharmacology and toxicology is shaping the future of healthcare, improving lives.

Department Courses: Credit Hours 

Course Title

Credit

Level

Theory

Practical

Semester

Anatomy I

3

1

2

1

2

Anatomy II

3

2

2

1

1

Physiology I

4

2

3

1

1

Physiology II

4

2

3

1

2

Pathology

4

3

3

1

1

Pathophysiology

2

3

2

 

2

Pharmacology I

3

3

3

 

1

Pharmacology II

4

3

3

1

2

Pharmacology III

3

4

3

 

1

Toxicology

4

4

3

1

2

Clinical Toxicology

3

5

2

1

1

Total

37

 

29

8

 




Course Descriptions:

Anatomy I & II

Anatomy is the science that deals with the structure and function of the body. The objective is to study the histological and anatomical structure of the human body. It is meant primarily to give the student a foundation for advanced study in health care, physiology, pathology, and other fields related to health and fitness. At the end of the course the student should be familiar with the gross anatomical and the histological description of the human body.

It is important for students to have knowledge and understanding of the basic anatomic terms. The accurate use of anatomic terms by medical personnel enables them to communicate with their colleagues both nationally and internationally. Also it is important for students to have knowledge about the basic structures of the body such as skin, bone, muscle, etc, because understanding these basic structures help them better and easier understanding of the other regions of the body such as the limbs.

Students should also know the basic functions of each organ or structures of the body to be familiar with the ways of interactions between them, and how they influence each other to optimize the integrity of the body function as one unit. With this students will know how a clinical problem or a disease will appear in patients. Also it is important for students to have knowledge about the major organs of a given system, and to know the contribution and role of each tissue or organ to produce a specific function as a system.

Subjects: Introduction, nervous system, reproductive system, circulatory system, lymphoid tissues, respiratory system, endocrine system; skin, bone, and muscle.


Physiology I & II

The purpose of this course is to present the fundamental principles and facts of human physiology in a format that is suitable for undergraduate pharmacy students. Whether your aim is to become a pharmacist, a doctor or an acupuncturist, a nutritionist or a personal trainer, a registered nurse or a paramedic, a parent or simply a healthy human being — your efforts have to be based on a good understanding of physiology. It helps to enable students understanding the basic principles of physiological functions of different tissues and organs of the human being, and how to evaluate these functions and correlate them with the normal and abnormal conditions. It also emphasizes on the role of homeostatic and hemodynamic changes in the integration of physiological status.

The goal of physiology is to explain the physical and chemical factors that are responsible for the origin, development, and progression of life. Each type of life, from the simple virus to the largest tree or the complicated human being, has its own functional characteristics.

In human physiology, we attempt to explain the specific characteristics and mechanisms of the human body that make it a living being. Subjects: Introduction to physiology, Cell physiology, Blood physiology, Membrane physiology: Nerve and muscle, CVS, Physiology of circulation, Physiology of nervous system, Endocrine physiology, GIT, Renal system,


Pathology

The study of pathology, including the detailed examination of the body, including dissection and inquiry into specific maladies, dates back to antiquity. The term pathology itself may be used broadly to refer to the study of disease in general, incorporating a wide range of bioscience research fields and medical practices (including plant pathology and veterinary pathology), or more narrowly to describe work within the contemporary medical field of "general pathology," which includes a number of distinct but inter-related medical specialties which diagnose disease mostly through the analysis of tissue, cell, and body fluid samples. Used as a count noun, "a pathology" can also refer to the predicted or actual progression of particular diseases, and the affix path is sometimes used to indicate a state of disease in cases of both physical ailment (as in cardiomyopathy) and psychological conditions (such as psychopathy). Similarly, a pathological condition is one caused by disease, rather than occurring physiologically


Pathophysiology

Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a convergence of pathology with physiology. Pathology is the medical discipline that describes conditions typically observed during a disease state, whereas physiology is the biological discipline that describes processes or mechanisms operating within an organism. Pathology describes the abnormal or undesired condition, whereupon pathophysiology seeks to explain the physiological processes or mechanisms whereby such condition develops and progresses.

Pathophysiology can also mean the functional changes associated with or resulting from disease or injury. Another definition is the functional changes that accompany a particular disease



Pharmacology I, II, & III

The object of this subject is to introduce the pharmacy students to the basis of general pharmacology. The student will learn about various body systems and drugs used to affect them in health and disease. 

The goal of drug therapy is to prevent, cure, or control various disease states. To achieve this goal, adequate drug doses must be delivered to the target tissues so that therapeutic yet nontoxic levels are obtained.

Subjects: Introduction to pharmacology, ANS, CV drugs, CNS drugs, Chemotherapeutics, hormones, NSAIDs, GIT drugs, Respiratory drugs. It consists of theory and practical.

In the practical session students do different experiments on tested animals to observe the effect of different drugs on the living organs.


Toxicology

Principles and Mechanisms, examine the complex interactions associated with cellular damage events and chemical exposure or drug administration. It mainly concentrates on systemic toxicity or toxic response of vital organs against toxicants. The subject consists of two parts, theory and practical. In the practical sessions, students do experiments on experimental animals by inducing toxicity through the use of different toxicant and observe the changes that appear on the animals.

Clinical toxicology

Clinical Toxicology provides emergency and elective consultations for patients with both acute and chronic poisonings. It includes poisoning treatment program, which provides outpatient diagnostic evaluation, ambulatory treatment and hospitalization when necessary. It mainly concerns with the complex interactions associated with clinical toxicological events and chemical exposure or drug administration. It places special emphasis on signs and symptoms of diseases and pathology caused by toxins and clinical drugs. The subject consists of two parts, theory and practical. In the practical sessions, students present and discuss cases on clinical toxicology, by doing this they contribute in the process of teaching; they also prepare posters on different topics that selected each year by the lecturers of the department.